4D printing of materials for the future: Opportunities and challenges

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dc.contributor.author Joshi, Siddharth
dc.contributor.author Rawat, Krishna
dc.contributor.author Karunakaran, C.
dc.contributor.author Rajamohan, Vasudevan
dc.contributor.author Mathew, Arun Tom
dc.contributor.author Koziol, Krzysztof
dc.contributor.author Kumar Thakur, Vijay
dc.contributor.author Balan, A.S.S
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-30T11:15:33Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-30T11:15:33Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-16
dc.identifier.citation Joshi S, Rawat K, Karunakaran C, et al., (2020) 4D printing of materials for the future: Opportunities and challenges. Applied Materials Today, Volume 18, March 2020, Article number 100490 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 2352-9407
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmt.2019.100490
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/14652
dc.description.abstract The concept of 4D printing is its formation of complex three-dimensional structures that have the ability to adopt different shapes and forms when subjected to different environmental stimuli. A few researchers simply view 4D printing as an extended technique of 3D printing or additive manufacturing with the added constraint of time. However, the unique shape change mechanism exhibited in this process is a combination of shape programming and the usage of smart active materials mostly polymers. This review article highlights the various smart materials, activation mechanisms and the shape-changing techniques employed in the 4D printing process. The potential of the shape-changing structures and their current applications in various biomedical and engineering fields is also explored. The article aims to emphasize the potential and viability of 4D printing and focused on providing an in-depth insight into the 4D printing process. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ *
dc.subject 4D printing en_UK
dc.subject Shape memory polymers en_UK
dc.subject Shape change en_UK
dc.subject Soft robotics en_UK
dc.title 4D printing of materials for the future: Opportunities and challenges en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


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