Technology readiness level assessment of composites recycling technologies

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dc.contributor.author Rybicka, Justyna
dc.contributor.author Tiwari, Ashutosh
dc.contributor.author Leeke, Gary A.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-16T12:36:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-16T12:36:34Z
dc.date.issued 2015-09-03
dc.identifier.citation Justyna Rybicka, Ashutosh Tiwari, Gary A. Leeke, Technology readiness level assessment of composites recycling technologies, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 112, Part 1, 20 January 2016, pp1001-1012 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0959-6526
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.104
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/9790
dc.description.abstract Composite materials made of glass and carbon fibres have revolutionised many industries. Demand for composites is experiencing rapid growth and global demand is expected to double. As demand for composites grows it is clear that waste management will become an important issue for businesses. Technically composite materials evoke difficult recycling challenges due to the heterogeneity of their composition. As current waste management practices in composites are dominated by landfilling, governments and businesses themselves foresee that this will need to change in the future. The recycling of composites will play a vital role in the future especially for the aerospace, automotive, construction and marine sectors. These industries will require different recycling options for their products based on compliance with current legislation, the business model as well as cost effectiveness. In order to be able to evaluate waste management strategies for composites, a review of recycling technologies has been conducted based on technology readiness levels and waste management hierarchy. This paper analyses 56 research projects to identify growing trends in composite recycling technologies with pyrolysis, solvolysis and mechanical grinding as the most prominent technologies. These recycling technologies attained high scores on the waste management hierarchy (either recycling or reuse applications) suggesting potential development as future viable alternatives to composite landfilling. The research concluded that recycling as a waste management strategy is most popular exploration area. It was found mechanical grinding to be most mature for glass fibre applications while pyrolysis has been most mature in the context of carbon fibre. The paper also highlights the need to understand the use of reclaimed material as important assessment element of recycling efforts. This paper contributes to the widening and systematising knowledge on maturity and understanding composites recycling technologies. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. Information: No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
dc.subject Technology readiness levels en_UK
dc.subject Composites en_UK
dc.subject Waste en_UK
dc.subject Recycling en_UK
dc.subject Waste hierarchy en_UK
dc.subject Mapping en_UK
dc.title Technology readiness level assessment of composites recycling technologies en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


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