Rice genotype differences in tolerance of zinc-deficient soils: evidence for the importance of root-induced changes in the rhizosphere

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dc.contributor.author Mori, Asako
dc.contributor.author Kirk, Guy J. D.
dc.contributor.author Lee, Jae-Sung
dc.contributor.author Morete, Mark J.
dc.contributor.author Nanda, Amrit K.
dc.contributor.author Johnson-Beebout, Sarah E.
dc.contributor.author Wissuwa, Matthias
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-02T09:50:04Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-02T09:50:04Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01-11
dc.identifier.citation Asako Mori, Guy J. D. Kirk, Jae-Sung Lee, Mark J. Morete, Amrit K. Nanda, Sarah E. Johnson-Beebout and Matthias Wissuwa, (2016) Rice Genotype Differences in Tolerance of Zinc-Deficient Soils: Evidence for the Importance of Root-Induced Changes in the Rhizosphere. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2016, Volume 6, article 1160 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 1664-462X
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/9681
dc.description The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2015.01160 en_UK
dc.description.abstract Zinc (Zn) deficiency is a major constraint to rice production and Zn is also often deficient in humans with rice-based diets. Efforts to breed more Zn-efficient rice are constrained by poor understanding of the mechanisms of tolerance to deficiency. Here we assess the contributions of root growth and root Zn uptake efficiency, and we seek to explain the results in terms of specific mechanisms. We made a field experiment in a highly Zn-deficient rice soil in the Philippines with deficiency-tolerant and -sensitive genotypes, and measured growth, Zn uptake and root development. We also measured the effect of planting density. Tolerant genotypes produced more crown roots per plant and had greater uptake rates per unit root surface area; the latter was at least as important as root number to overall tolerance. Tolerant and sensitive genotypes took up more Zn per plant at greater planting densities. The greater uptake per unit root surface area, and the planting density effect can only be explained by root-induced changes in the rhizosphere, either solubilizing Zn, or neutralizing a toxin that impedes Zn uptake (possibly HCO − 3 HCO3− or Fe2+), or both. Traits for these and crown root number are potential breeding targets. en_UK
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by a grant from the UK's Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC, Grant Ref. BB/J011584/1) under the Sustainable Crop Production Research for International Development (SCPRID) programme, a joint multi-national initiative of BBSRC, the UK Government's Department for International Development (DFID) and (through a grant awarded to BBSRC) the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Support to AKN in the form of a fellowship awarded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) is gratefully acknowledged. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Frontiers en_UK
dc.rights Copyright © 2016 Mori, Kirk, Lee, Morete, Nanda, Johnson-Beebout and Wissuwa. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.title Rice genotype differences in tolerance of zinc-deficient soils: evidence for the importance of root-induced changes in the rhizosphere en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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