Numerical study of helicopter combustor and exhaust emissions using large eddy simulation

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Savill, Mark A. Dumrongsak, Janthanee 2014-06-04T14:43:44Z 2014-06-04T14:43:44Z 2014-02
dc.description.abstract Although Large Eddy Simulation (LES) has demonstrated its potential for modelling the reaction in simple academic combustors, it is more computationally expensive than Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) which has been used widely for industrial cases. The aim of this research is to employ LES at minimal grid resolution and computational resource requirements to capture the main characteristics of the reacting flows in a helicopter combustor and exhaust plume with the focus on NOx emissions. Test cases have been carried out to validate the current LES code for non- reacting jet, non-premixed combustion and unstructured grids. Despite the moderate grid refinement and simple chemistry models employed, the findings from these test cases have demonstrated good capabilities of the current LES to capture the mixing, flame and flow characteristics. In a farther test case, a key gas-phase chemical reaction selected for the helicopter exhaust plume modelling has also been tested. The validated LES code is then employed in the numerical study of the reaction in the helicopter combustor. The LES predictions in terms of the temperature and EINOx agree generally well with the combustor design, analytical solutions, previous LES and test measurements. Subsequently, the potential application of LES for the calibration of simpler models has been assessed for the generic and helicopter combustors. The results obtained from LES are compared with those from a one-dimensional combustor performance and emissions code, HEPHAESTUS, developed within the Cranfield University Power and Propulsion Department. The discrepancies between the results are found to be primarily due to specific simplification and assumptions established in the HEPHAESTUS model which can be addressed. Finally, LES has been employed to model the transformation of NO to NO2 in the helicopter exhaust plume. The findings from this research have demonstrated that, even without the implementation of highly dense mesh or advanced reaction model, LES is able to provide results with an acceptable level of fidelity at relatively low computational costs. These advantages make it a powerful predictive tool for future design and emissions optimisation investigations, and calibration of other simpler modelling approaches. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Cranfield University en_UK
dc.rights © Cranfield University 2014. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright owner. en_UK
dc.subject Atmospheric reaction en_UK
dc.subject Jet-A en_UK
dc.subject non-premixed combustion en_UK
dc.subject NOx en_UK
dc.subject turbulence en_UK
dc.title Numerical study of helicopter combustor and exhaust emissions using large eddy simulation en_UK
dc.type Thesis or dissertation en_UK
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_UK
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_UK

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search CERES


My Account