CERES > Cranfield University at Silsoe (1975-2008) > Staff publications - Cranfield University at Silsoe >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/815

Document Type: Article
Title: Using a linked soil model emulator and unsaturated zone leaching model to account for preferential flow when assessing the spatially distributed risk of pesticide leaching to groundwater in England and Wales
Authors: Holman, Ian P.
Dubus, Igor G.
Hollis, J. M.
Brown, Colin D.
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: I. P. Holman, I. G. Dubus, J. M. Hollis and C. D. Brown, Using a linked soil model emulator and unsaturated zone leaching model to account for preferential flow when assessing the spatially distributed risk of pesticide leaching to groundwater in England and Wales, The Science of The Total Environment, Volume 318, Issues 1-3, 5 January 2004, Pages 73-88
Abstract: Although macropore flow is recognized as an important process for the transport of pesticides through a wide range of soils, none of the existing spatially distributed methods for assessing the risk of pesticide leaching to groundwater account for this phenomenon. The present paper presents a spatially distributed modelling system for predicting pesticide losses to groundwater through micro- and macropore flow paths. The system combines a meta version of the mechanistic, dual porosity, preferential flow pesticide leaching model MACRO (the MACRO emulator), which describes pesticide transport and attenuation in the soil zone, to an attenuation factor leaching model for the unsaturated zone. The development of the emulator was based on the results of over 4000 MACRO model simulations. Model runs describe pesticide leaching for the range of soil types, climate regimes, pesticide properties and application patterns in England and Wales. Linking the MACRO emulator to existing spatial databases of soil, climate and compound-specific loads allowed the prediction of the concentration of pesticide leaching from the base of the soil profile (at 1 m depth) for a wide range of pesticides. Attenuation and retardation of the pesticide during transit through the unsaturated zone to the watertable was simulated using the substrate attenuation factor model AQUAT. The MACRO emulator simulated pesticide loss in 10 of 12 lysimeter soil-pesticide combinations for which pesticide leaching was shown to occur and also successfully predicted no loss from 3 soil-pesticide combinations. Although the qualitative aspect of leaching was satisfactorily predicted, actual pesticide concentrations in leachate were relatively poorly predicted. At the national scale, the linked MACRO emulator / AQUAT system was found to predict the relative order of, and realistic regional patterns of, pesticide leaching for atrazine, isoproturon, chlorotoluron and lindane. The methodology provides a first-step assessment of the potential for pesticide leaching to groundwater in England and Wales. Further research is required to improve the modelling concept proposed. The system can be used to refine regional groundwater monitoring system designs and sampling strategies and improve the cost-effectiveness of the measures needed to achieve “good status” of groundwater quality as required by the Water Framework Direct
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(03)00375-9
http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/815
Appears in Collections:Staff publications - Cranfield University at Silsoe

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
pesticide_leaching_to_groundwater_in_England_and_Wales-2004.pdf557.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

SFX Query

Items in CERES are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.