Environmental and ecological effects of ocean renewable energy development

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dc.contributor.author Boehlert, G. W. -
dc.contributor.author Gill, Andrew B. -
dc.date.accessioned 2014-01-24T05:02:14Z
dc.date.available 2014-01-24T05:02:14Z
dc.date.issued 2010-12-31T00:00:00Z -
dc.identifier.citation George W. Boehlert, Andrew B. Gill, Environmental and ecological effects of ocean renewable energy development, Oceanography, Volume 23, Issue 2, 2010, Pages 68–81.
dc.identifier.issn 1042-8275 -
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.46 -
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/8123
dc.description.abstract Marine renewable energy promises to assist in the effort to reduce carbon emissions worldwide. As with any large-scale development in the marine environment, however, it comes with uncertainty about potential environmental impacts, most of which have not been adequately evaluated—in part because many of the devices have yet to be deployed and tested. We review the nature of environmental and, more specifically, ecological effects of the development of diverse types of marine renewable energy—covering marine wind, wave, tidal, ocean current, and thermal gradient—and discuss the current state of knowledge or uncertainty on how these effects may be manifested. Many of the projected effects are common with other types of development in the marine environment; for example, additional structures lead to concerns for entanglement, habitat change, and community change. Other effects are relatively unique to marine energy conversion, and specific to the type of energy being harnessed, the individual device type, or the reduction in energy in marine systems. While many potential impacts are unavoidable but measurable, we would argue it is possible (and necessary) to minimize others through careful device development and site selection; the scale of development, however, will lead to cumulative effects that we must understand to avoid environmental impacts. Renewable energy developers, regulators, scientists, engineers, and ocean stakeholders must work together to achieve the common dual objectives of clean renewable energy and a healthy marine environment. - See more at: http://www.tos.org/oceanography/archive/23-2_boehlert.html#sthash.MBJIR5sa.dpuf en_UK
dc.publisher The Oceanographic Society; 1999 / The Oceanography Society (TOS) en_UK
dc.title Environmental and ecological effects of ocean renewable energy development en_UK
dc.type Article -

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