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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/809

Document Type: Article
Title: The electrochemistry of the ferri/ferrocyanide couple at a calix [4]resorcinarenetetrathiol-modified gold electrode as a study of novel electrode modifying coatings for use within electro-analytical sensors
Authors: Collyer, Stuart D.
Davis, Frank
Lucke, Andrew
Stirling, Charles J. M.
Higson, Seamus P. J.
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Stuart D. Collyer, Frank Davis, Andrew Lucke, Charles J. M. Stirling and Séamus P. J. Higson, The electrochemistry of the ferri/ferrocyanide couple at a calix[4]resorcinarenetetrathiol-modified gold electrode as a study of novel electrode modifying coatings for use within electro-analytical sensors, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Volume 549, 5 June 2003, Pages 119-127
Abstract: The electrochemistry of the ferri/ferrocyanide redox couple has been studied at Au electrodes modified with calix[4]resorcinarenetetrathiol. Cyclic voltammetry in Fe(CN)63- solutions yields three separate pairs of faradaic peaks. Evidence is given for these redox couples corresponding to the reduction of Fe(CN)63- and the subsequent re-oxidation of Fe(CN)64- in three differing steric arrangements. One pair of peaks suggest that when the Fe(CN)63- ion resides within the calix [4]resorcinarene bowl, electron transport is facilitated by the calix [4]resorcinarene acting as a charge transfer mediator; in this arrangement the activation energy is found to be lowered by ~24kJmol-1. Another pair of peaks is thought to correspond to the reduction of Fe(CN)63- as it approaches the Au electrode by packing itself in-between adjacent calix[4]resorcinarene molecules. The third pair of redox peaks is attributed to the reduction and subsequent re- oxidation of Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64- when the ion resides above a saturated calix [4]resorcinarene coating; in this case the activation energy was raised by ~45kJmol-1. FTIR spectroscopy of calix[4]resorcinarene-coated Au electrodes and calix[4]resorcinarene-coated Au electrodes exposed to Fe(CN)63- lends further support to this argument, by demonstrating that the Fe(CN)63- ion resides within at least two and possibly three differing environments. Calix[4]resorcinarene modified electrodes previously exposed to ferricyanide lose the calix [4]resorcinarene coating together with a surface layer of gold when subsequently scanned in a phosphate buffer. It therefore appears that the calix [4]resorcinarene/Fe(CN)63- association is stronger than the Au binding to the underlying glass material.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0728(03)00270-5
Appears in Collections:Staff publications - Cranfield University at Silsoe

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