Developing strategies for spatially variable nitrogen application in cereals II: wheat

Show simple item record Welsh, J. P. en_UK Wood, G. A. en_UK Godwin, R. J. en_UK Taylor, John C. en_UK Earl, R. en_UK Blackmore, S. en_UK Knight, S. M. en_UK 2005-11-23T13:04:21Z 2005-11-23T13:04:21Z 2003-04 en_UK
dc.identifier.citation J. P. Welsh, G. A. Wood, R. J. Godwin, J. C. Taylor, R. Earl, S. Blackmore and S. M. Knight, Developing Strategies for Spatially Variable Nitrogen Application in Cereals, Part I: Winter Barley, Biosystems Engineering, Volume 84, Issue 4, April 2003, Pages 481-494. en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 1537-5110 en_UK
dc.description.abstract For precision agriculture to provide both economic and environmental benefits over conventional farm practice, management strategies must be developed to accommodate the spatial variability in crop performance that occurs within fields. Experiments were established in crops of winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) over three seasons. The aim of which was to evaluate a set of variable rate nitrogen strategies and examining the spatial variation in crop response to applied N. The optimum N application rate varied from 90 to in excess of 160 kg [N] ha−1 in different parts of the field, which supports the case for applying spatially variable rates of N. This, however, is highly dependent on seasonal variations, e.g. the quantity and distribution of rainfall and the effect that this has on soil moisture deficits and crop growth. Estimates of yield potential, produced from either historic yield data or shoot density maps derived from airborne digital photographic images, were used to divide experimental strips into management zones. These zones were then managed according to two N application strategies. The results from the historic yield approach, based on 3 yr of yield data, were inconsistent, and it was concluded that that this approach, which is currently the most practical commercial system, does not provide a suitable basis for varying N rates. The shoot density approach, however, offered considerably greater potential as it takes account of variation in the current crop. Using this approach, it was found that applying additional N to areas with a low shoot population and reducing N to areas with a high shoot population resulted in an average strategy benefit of up to 0·36 t ha−1 compared with standard farm practice. en_UK
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dc.language.iso en_UK en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier Science en_UK
dc.title Developing strategies for spatially variable nitrogen application in cereals II: wheat en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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