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|Document Type: ||Article|
|Title: ||Calibration methodology for mapping within-field crop variability using remote sensing|
|Authors: ||Wood, G. A.|
Taylor, John C.
Godwin, R. J.
|Issue Date: ||Apr-2003|
|Citation: ||Gavin A. Wood, John C. Taylor and Richard J. Godwin, Calibration Methodology for Mapping Within-field Crop Variability using Remote Sensing, Biosystems Engineering, Volume 84, Issue 4, April 2003, Pages 409-423.|
|Abstract: ||A successful method of mapping within-field crop variability of shoot populations in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is demonstrated. The approach is extended to include a measure of green area index (GAI). These crop parameters and airborne remote sensing measures of the normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) are shown to be linearly correlated. Measurements were made at key agronomic growth stages up to the period of anthesis and correlated using statistical linear regression based on a series of field calibration sites. Spatial averaging improves the estimation of the regression parameters and is best achieved by sub-sampling at each calibration site using three 0·25 m2 quadrats. Using the NDVI image to target the location of calibration sites, eight sites are shown to be sufficient, but they must be representative of the range in NDVI present in the field, and have a representative spatial distribution. Sampling the NDVI range is achieved by stratifying the NDVI image and then randomly selecting within each of the strata; ensuring a good spatial distribution is determined by visual interpretation of the image. Similarly, a block of adjacent fields can be successfully calibrated to provide multiple maps of within-field variability in each field using only eight points per block representative of the NDVI range and constraining the sampling to one calibration site per field. Compared to using 30 or more calibration sites, restricting samples to eight does not affect the estimation of the regression parameters as long as the criteria for selection outlined in this paper is adhered to. In repeated tests, the technique provided regression results with a value for the coefficient of determination of 0·7 in over 85% of cases. At farm scale, the results indicate an 80–90% probability of producing a map of within crop field variability with an accuracy of 75–99%. This approach provides a rapid tool for providing accurate and valuable management information in near real-time to the grower for better management and for immediate adoption in precision farming practices, and for determining variable rates of nitrogen, fungicide or plant growth regulators.|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff publications - Cranfield University at Silsoe|
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