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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/7158

Document Type: Article
Title: Jacobian Code Generated by Source Transformation and Vertex Elimination can be as Efficient as Hand-Coding
Authors: Forth, Shaun A.
Tadjouddine, Mohamed
Pryce, John D.
Reid, John K.
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Shaun A. Forth, John D. Pryce, Mohamed Tadjouddine andJohn K. Reid. Jacobian Code Generated by Source Transformation and Vertex Elimination can be as Efficient as Hand-Coding. ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS). Volume 30, Issue 3, September 2004, pp266-299
Abstract: This article presents the first extended set of results from ELIAD, a source- transformation implementation of the vertex-elimination Automatic Differentiation approach to calculating the Jacobians of functions defined by Fortran code (Griewank and Reese, Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application, 1991, pp. 126-135). We introduce the necessary theory in terms of well known algorithms of numerical linear algebra applied to the linear, extended Jacobian system that prescribes the relationship between the derivatives of all variables in the function code. Using an example, we highlight the potential for numerical instability in vertex-elimination. We describe the source transformation implementation of our tool ELIAD and present results from five test cases, four of which are taken from the MINPACK- 2 collection (Averick et al, Report ANL/MCS-TM-150, 1692) and for which hand- coded Jacobian codes are available. On five computer/compiler platforms, we show that the Jacobian code obtained by ELIAD is as efficient as hand-coded Jacobian code. It is also between 2 to 20 times more efficient than that produced by current, state of the art, Automatic Differentiation tools even when such tools make use of sophisticated techniques such as sparse Jacobian compression. We demonstrate the effectiveness of reverse-ordered pre-elimination from the (successively updated) extended Jacobian system of all intermediate variables used once. Thereafter, the monotonic forward/reverse ordered eliminations of all other intermediates is shown to be very efficient. On only one test case were orderings determined by the Markowitz or related VLR heuristics found superior. A re-ordering of the statements of the Jacobian code, with the aim of reducing reads and writes of data from cache to registers, was found to have mixed effects but could be very beneficial.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1024074.1024076
Appears in Collections:Staff publications - Cranfield Defence and Security, Shrivenham

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