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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/6880

Document Type: Article
Title: Zero carbon manufacturing facility - towards integrating material, energy, and waste process flows
Authors: Ball, Peter D.
Evans, S.
Levers, A.
Ellison, D.
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: P D Ball, S Evans, A Levers, and D Ellison. Zero carbon manufacturing facility - towards integrating material, energy, and waste process flows. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part B-Journal of Engineering Manufacture, September 1, 2009, vol. 223, no. 9, pp1085-1096
Abstract: The increasing pressure on material availability, energy prices, as well as emerging environmental legislation is leading manufacturers to adopt solutions to reduce their material and energy consumption as well as their carbon footprint, thereby becoming more sustainable. Ultimately manufacturers could potentially become zero carbon by having zero net energy demand and zero waste across the supply chain. The literature on zero carbon manufacturing and the technologies that underpin it are growing, but there is little available on how a manufacturer undertakes the transition. Additionally, the work in this area is fragmented and clustered around technologies rather than around processes that link the technologies together. There is a need to better understand material, energy, and waste process flows in a manufacturing facility from a holistic viewpoint. With knowledge of the potential flows, design methodologies can be developed to enable zero carbon manufacturing facility creation. This paper explores the challenges faced when attempting to design a zero carbon manufacturing facility. A broad scope is adopted from legislation to technology and from low waste to consuming waste. A generic material, energy, and waste flow model is developed and presented to show the material, energy, and waste inputs and outputs for the manufacturing system and the supporting facility and, importantly, how they can potentially interact. Finally the application of the flow model in industrial applications is demonstrated to select appropriate technologies and configure them in an integrated way.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/09544054JEM1357
http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/6880
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