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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/6877

Document Type: Article
Title: Health-state estimation and prognostics in machining processes
Authors: Camci, Fatih
Chinnam, R. B.
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: F. Camci, R.B. Chinnam, Health-state estimation and prognostics in machining processes, IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2010, Pages 581 - 597.
Abstract: Failure mechanisms of electromechanical systems usually involve several degraded health-states. Tracking and forecasting the evolution of health-states and impending failures, in the form of remaining-useful-life (RUL), is a critical challenge and regarded as the Achilles' heel of condition-based-maintenance (CBM). This paper demonstrates how this difficult problem can be addressed through Hidden Markov models (HMMs) that are able to estimate unobservable health-states using observable sensor signals. In particular, implementation of HMM based models as dynamic Bayesian networks (DBNs) facilitates compact representation as well as additional flexibility with regard to model structure. Both regular HMM pools and hierarchical HMMs are employed here to estimate online the health-state of drill-bits as they deteriorate with use on a CNC drilling machine. Hierarchical HMM is composed of sub-HMMs in a pyramid structure, providing functionality beyond an HMM for modeling complex systems. In the case of regular HMMs, each HMM within the pool competes to represent a distinct health-state and adapts through competitive learning. In the case of hierarchical HMMs, health-states are represented as distinct nodes at the top of the hierarchy. Monte Carlo simulation, with state transition probabilities derived from a hierarchical HMM, is employed for RUL estimation. Detailed results on health-state and RUL estimation are very promising and are reported in this paper. Hierarchical HMMs seem to be particularly effective and efficient and outperform other HMM methods from literature.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TASE.2009.2038170
http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/6877
Appears in Collections:Staff publications - School of Applied Sciences

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