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|Document Type: ||Article|
|Title: ||Gaseous emissions during concurrent combustion of biomass and non-recyclable
municipal solid waste|
|Authors: ||Laryea-Goldsmith, Rene|
Oakey, John E.
Simms, Nigel J.
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Abstract: ||Background: Biomass and municipal solid waste offer sustainable sources of
energy; for example to meet heat and electricity demand in the form of combined
cooling, heat and power. Combustion of biomass has a lesser impact than solid
fossil fuels (e. g. coal) upon gas pollutant emissions, whilst energy recovery
from municipal solid waste is a beneficial component of an integrated,
sustainable waste management programme. Concurrent combustion of these fuels
using a fluidised bed combustor may be a successful method of overcoming some of
the disadvantages of biomass (high fuel supply and distribution costs,
combustion characteristics) and characteristics of municipal solid waste
(heterogeneous content, conflict with materials recycling). It should be
considered that combustion of municipal solid waste may be a financially
attractive disposal route if a 'gate fee' value exists for accepting waste for
combustion, which will reduce the net cost of utilising relatively more
expensive biomass fuels. Results: Emissions of nitrogen monoxide and sulphur
dioxide for combustion of biomass are suppressed after substitution of biomass
for municipal solid waste materials as the input fuel mixture. Interactions
between these and other pollutants such as hydrogen chloride, nitrous oxide and
carbon monoxide indicate complex, competing reactions occur between
intermediates of these compounds to determine final resultant emissions.
Conclusions: Fluidised bed concurrent combustion is an appropriate technique to
exploit biomass and municipal solid waste resources, without the use of fossil
fuels. The addition of municipal solid waste to biomass combustion has the
effect of reducing emissions of some gaseous pollutants.|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff publications - School of Applied Sciences|
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