Analysis of surface roughness in relation to soil loss and runoff at high rainfall intensities.

Show simple item record Idowu, O. J. - Rickson, R. Jane - Godwin, R. J. - 2011-07-13T23:06:15Z 2011-07-13T23:06:15Z 2002-08-30T00:00:00Z -
dc.identifier.issn 0885-6087 -
dc.identifier.uri -
dc.description.abstract The decay of roughness is an important factor governing surface processes such as infiltration and soil erosion. Thus the decay of surface roughness under different surface conditions was investigated and related to quantitative amounts of soil loss, runoff and sediment concentration in a laboratory experiment. Rainfall with an intensity of 128 mm/h was applied to a bare or mulched surfaces of a sandy loam soil with known surface roughness at specified time intervals. The decay of roughness as expressed by roughness ratio, in this experiment, was better predicted when related to an exponential function of the square root of cumulative kinetic energy of rainfall rather than with the cumulative rainfall. The roughness decay equations in literature did not predict breakdown under mulched surfaces accurately. Thus the exponent parameters of the roughness decay equations were adjusted to reflect the reduced decay occurring under mulched surfaces. In a bare soil, regression equations expressing the dependent variables as a function of initial roughness index were significant, but with low coefficients of determination, being 0.39 for soil loss, 0.12 for runoff and 0.36 for sediment concentration. In addition to initial roughness index, cumulative kinetic energy of rainfall was further included in the regressions. This led to an increase in coefficients of determination, which was 0.81 for soil loss, 0.74 for runoff and 0.49 for sediment concentration. The coefficients of determination (0.87 for soil loss, 0.85 for runoff and 0.51 for sediment concentration) were further increased when the final roughness index was included in addition to initial roughness index and cumulative kinetic energy in the regressions. This work shows that soil loss and runoff could be predicted from bare soil surface provided the initial roughness and the energy of rainfall is known. However, field verifications of these relationships are needed under different tillage tools and under natural rainfall. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. en_UK
dc.language.iso en_UK en_UK
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons, Ltd en_UK
dc.title Analysis of surface roughness in relation to soil loss and runoff at high rainfall intensities. en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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