Design, manufacture, and high temperature behaviour of a-phase bondcoat for thermal barrier coating

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dc.contributor.advisor Nicholls, J. R. Carlin, Maxime 2008-08-29T13:27:32Z 2008-08-29T13:27:32Z 2007
dc.description.abstract In order to improve jet engine efficiency and performance, manufacturers have been trying over the last five decades to increase the working temperature of gas turbines. This was achieved by improving materials performance and component design. The latter technological breakthrough is known as Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC), which consists of applying a ceramic insulating layer on the internally cooled parts of the turbine. This technology is now applied in military and civil aircraft engines, and allows temperature improvement up to 150°C. However, understanding degradation mechanisms and improvement in manufacturing still remain important activities in turbine development. This PhD thesis was founded by a turbine manufacturer, Snecma, with the aim of developing a new type of high temperature coating. The ceramic topcoat of TBC’s is currently deposited on typical binary platinum aluminide diffusion coating or NiCoCrAlY overlay, called bondcoat, which stands at the component/ceramic interface. In this work, a new kind of intermetallic was studied, a ternary compound of the Ni-Al-Pt system, called α.phase, and a manufacturing route to deposit it as an overlay coating was developed. The main result of this thesis is the achievement of a reliable, reproducible, and controlled manufacturing process of α-phase coatings. This process is based on sputtering multlilayers of pure metals, followed by the annealing of the layered coating. Produced coatings are thinner than commercial systems as they are richer in platinum (typically 5 m instead of 70 m), hence the so-called name of "low mass bondcoat". Such high temperature intermetallic coatings were characterised during this project (by XRD, SEM, EDS, FIB and TEM), as well as their isothermal and thermal cycled oxidation behaviour at high temperature. These systems were topped with a commercial ceramic layer in order to assess their potential as bondcoats for a full TBC system. Lifetimes are relatively promising, and failure modes, which will be described and discussed, are very specific compared to state of the art coatings. This specificity is proven to be due to the non conventional deposition route rather than to the new compound used as a bondcoat. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Cranfield University en_UK
dc.rights © Cranfield University 2007. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright owner. en_UK
dc.title Design, manufacture, and high temperature behaviour of a-phase bondcoat for thermal barrier coating en_UK
dc.type Thesis or dissertation en_UK
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en_UK
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_UK

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