Whole-farm yield map datasets – data validation for exploring spatiotemporal yield and economic stability

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dc.contributor.author Clarke, David E.
dc.contributor.author Stockdale, Elizabeth A.
dc.contributor.author Hannam, Jacqueline A.
dc.contributor.author Marchant, Benjamin P.
dc.contributor.author Hallett, Stephen H.
dc.date.accessioned 2024-05-15T15:38:28Z
dc.date.available 2024-05-15T15:38:28Z
dc.date.issued 2024-05-03
dc.identifier.citation Clarke DE, Stockdale EA, Hannam JA, et al., (2024) Whole-farm yield map datasets–data validation for exploring spatiotemporal yield and economic stability. Agricultural Systems, Volume 218, June 2024, Article number 103972 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0308-521X
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2024.103972
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/21627
dc.description.abstract CONTEXT: Statistical methods used for delineation of field management zones and yield stability are frequently only applied to relatively small areas, with few studies performing rotational, whole-farm economic spatiotemporal appraisals. To enable accurate economic analysis, yield map datasets must contain minimal errors while cleaning procedures are often used to remove errors, it is rare that cleaned data is validated before its application. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to process, validate and combine spatial statistical approaches for a rotational yield map dataset from a whole-farm across 7 crops in a winter wheat based rotation. Developing a framework for using validated yield map datasets to support precision agriculture techniques that are applicable for farm-level decision making. METHODS: The rotational completeness of a 10 year combine yield map dataset for a 435 ha farm in Eastern England was assessed. The dataset was cleaned statistically, and its accuracy assessed by comparison with recorded yields from trailer weigh cells. The cleaned, validated, and corrected yield map dataset was used to identify management zones across the whole farm using fuzzy clustering. The temporal stability of management zones and economic performance across the rotation was also assessed. RESULTS AND DISSCUSION: Data cleaning methods removed 16% of data points, improving the degree of spatial correlation within the individual yield maps. Independent validation demonstrated varied accuracy of yield maps from combine harvester data and errors in wheat ranged from 0.53 to 1.53 t/ha RMSE. These errors have implications for researchers using combine yield data to develop and validate precision agriculture technologies. This data set required correction before yield data can be applied with confidence for on-farm decision making. Compared to the zones with the highest margin in each field, 34% of zones had an average annual margin loss of >£100 ha. The temporal stability of the resulting management zones also varied. Areas with the lowest economic performance and greatest yield stability across years will potentially see the greatest economic and environmental benefits from precision agriculture techniques. SIGNIFICANCE: The accuracy of combine yield map data should not be assumed. The application of these datasets, including for the identification of management zones or in developing precision agriculture techniques should attempt to address this through data cleaning and validation procedures. Only then should it be used for on farm decision making, such as identifying areas with the most economic benefit by applying precision agriculture tools such as variable rate nutrient applications. en_UK
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the UK Natural Environment Research Council through the CENTA Doctoral Training Partnership [NERC Ref: NE/L002493/1], together with the AHDB Strategic Cereal Farm East program PR: 21510033 en_UK
dc.language.iso en_UK en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ *
dc.subject Spatial variability en_UK
dc.subject Yield maps en_UK
dc.subject Precision agriculture en_UK
dc.subject Management zones en_UK
dc.subject Agroeconomics en_UK
dc.title Whole-farm yield map datasets – data validation for exploring spatiotemporal yield and economic stability en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK
dcterms.dateAccepted 2024-04-25
dc.identifier.eissn 1873-2267

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