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|Document Type: ||Postprint|
|Title: ||Culpable versus non-culpable traffic accidents; What is wrong with this picture?|
|Authors: ||af Wahlberg, Anders E.|
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Citation: ||A.E. af Wahlberg and L. Dorn, Culpable versus non-culpable traffic accidents; What is wrong with this picture?, Journal of Safety Research, Volume 38, Issue 4, 2007, Pages 453-459.|
|Abstract: ||It is often implicitly or explicitly assumed in traffic accident research that drivers with accidents designated as non-culpable are a random sample from the population. However, this assumption is dependent upon differences in the criterion used for culpability. If drivers are erroneously categorized by assuming randomness, results could be grossly misleading.
The assumption of randomness leads to two predictions: first, no correlation should exist between culpable and non-culpable crashes; and second, the accident groups should differ on the variables known to be associated with accidents, such as amount of driving experience. These predictions were tested in two samples of bus drivers.
It was found that in a sample with a harsh criterion (70% culpable accidents) for crash responsibility, the drivers with non-culpable accidents had the features expected, namely, they were more experienced for example, while in a sample with a lenient criterion (50 % culpable), this was not so.
It was concluded that similar studies to the present one would need to be undertaken to establish exactly what percentage of drivers in a given population should be assigned culpable accidents, and construct a criterion that yields this ratio. Otherwise, the theoretical assumptions of randomness and non-responsibility will probably be violated to some degree.|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff publications - School of Engineering|
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