Ballistic protective properties of materials representative of English civil war buff-coats and clothing

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dc.contributor.author May, Brian
dc.contributor.author Critchley, Richard
dc.contributor.author Carr, Debra
dc.contributor.author Peare, Alan
dc.contributor.author Dowen, Keith
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-28T14:34:37Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-28T14:34:37Z
dc.date.issued 2020-07-21
dc.identifier.citation May B, Critchley R, Carr D, et al., (2020) Ballistic protective properties of materials representative of English civil war buff-coats and clothing. International Journal of Legal Medicine, Volume 134, 2020, pp. 1949–1956 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0937-9827
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-020-02378-x
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/15603
dc.description.abstract One type of clothing system used in the English Civil War, more common among cavalrymen than infantrymen, was the linen shirt, wool waistcoat and buff-coat. Ballistic testing was conducted to estimate the velocity at which 50% of 12-bore lead spherical projectiles (V50) would be expected to perforate this clothing system when mounted on gelatine (a tissue simulant used in wound ballistic studies). An estimated six-shot V50 for the clothing system was calculated as 102 m/s. The distance at which the projectile would have decelerated from the muzzle of the weapon to this velocity in free flight was triple the recognised effective range of weapons of the era suggesting that the clothing system would provide limited protection for the wearer. The estimated V50 was also compared to recorded bounce-and-roll data; this suggested that the clothing system could provide some protection to the wearer from ricochets. Finally, potential wounding behind the clothing system was investigated; the results compared favourably to seventeenth century medical writings en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Springer en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ *
dc.subject 12-bore en_UK
dc.subject pencilling en_UK
dc.subject Behind Armour Blunt Trauma en_UK
dc.subject wool en_UK
dc.subject linen en_UK
dc.subject leather en_UK
dc.title Ballistic protective properties of materials representative of English civil war buff-coats and clothing en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


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