Modelling the effect of the 2018 summer heatwave and drought on isoprene emissions in a UK woodland

Show simple item record Otu‐Larbi, Frederick Bolas, Conor G. Ferracci, Valerio Staniaszek, Zosia Jones, Roderic L. Malhi, Yadvinder Harris, Neil R. P. Wild, Oliver Ashworth, Kirsti 2020-02-13T20:08:15Z 2020-02-13T20:08:15Z 2019-12-13
dc.identifier.citation Otu‐Larbi F, Bolas CG, Ferracci V, et al., (2019) Modelling the effect of the 2018 summer heatwave and drought on isoprene emissions in a UK woodland. Global Change Biology, Volume 26, Issue 4, April 2020, pp. 2320-2335 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 1354-1013
dc.description.abstract Projected future climatic extremes such as heatwaves and droughts are expected to have major impacts on emissions and concentrations of biogenic volatile organic compounds (bVOCs) with potential implications for air quality, climate and human health. While the effects of changing temperature and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) on the synthesis and emission of isoprene, the most abundant of these bVOCs, are well known, the role of other environmental factors such as soil moisture stress are not fully understood and are therefore poorly represented in land surface models. As part of the Wytham Isoprene iDirac Oak Tree Measurements campaign, continuous measurements of isoprene mixing ratio were made throughout the summer of 2018 in Wytham Woods, a mixed deciduous woodland in southern England. During this time, the United Kingdom experienced a prolonged heatwave and drought, and isoprene mixing ratios were observed to increase by more than 400% at Wytham Woods under these conditions. We applied the state‐of‐the‐art FORest Canopy‐Atmosphere Transfer canopy exchange model to investigate the processes leading to these elevated concentrations. We found that although current isoprene emissions algorithms reproduced observed mixing ratios in the canopy before and after the heatwave, the model underestimated observations by ~40% during the heatwave–drought period implying that models may substantially underestimate the release of isoprene to the atmosphere in future cases of mild or moderate drought. Stress‐induced emissions of isoprene based on leaf temperature and soil water content (SWC) were incorporated into current emissions algorithms leading to significant improvements in model output. A combination of SWC, leaf temperature and rewetting emission bursts provided the best model‐measurement fit with a 50% improvement compared to the baseline model. Our results highlight the need for more long‐term ecosystem‐scale observations to enable improved model representation of atmosphere–biosphere interactions in a changing global climate. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Wiley en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.title Modelling the effect of the 2018 summer heatwave and drought on isoprene emissions in a UK woodland en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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