Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts

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dc.contributor.author Weise, Hanna
dc.contributor.author Auge, Harald
dc.contributor.author Baessler, Cornelia
dc.contributor.author Bärlund, Ilona
dc.contributor.author Bennett, Elene M.
dc.contributor.author Berger, Uta
dc.contributor.author Bohn, Friedrich
dc.contributor.author Bonn, Aletta
dc.contributor.author Borchardt, Dietrich
dc.contributor.author Brand, Fridolin
dc.contributor.author Chatzinotas, Antonis
dc.contributor.author Corstanje, Ron
dc.contributor.author Laender, Frederik De
dc.contributor.author Dietrich, Peter
dc.contributor.author Dunker, Susanne
dc.contributor.author Durka, Walter
dc.contributor.author Fazey, Ioan
dc.contributor.author Groeneveld, Jürgen
dc.contributor.author Guilbaud, Camille S. E.
dc.contributor.author Harms, Hauke
dc.contributor.author Harpole, Stanley
dc.contributor.author Harris, Jim
dc.contributor.author Jax, Kurt
dc.contributor.author Jeltsch, Florian
dc.contributor.author Johst, Karin
dc.contributor.author Joshi, Jasmin
dc.contributor.author Klotz, Stefan
dc.contributor.author Kühn, Ingolf
dc.contributor.author Kuhlicke, Christian
dc.contributor.author Müller, Birgit
dc.contributor.author Radchuk, Viktoriia
dc.contributor.author Reuter, Hauke
dc.contributor.author Rinke, Karsten
dc.contributor.author Schmitt‐Jansen, Mechthild
dc.contributor.author Seppelt, Ralf
dc.contributor.author Singer, Alexander
dc.contributor.author Standish, Rachel J.
dc.contributor.author Thulke, Hans‐H.
dc.contributor.author Tietjen, Britta
dc.contributor.author Weitere, Markus
dc.contributor.author Wirth, Christian
dc.contributor.author Wolf, Christine
dc.contributor.author Grimm, Volker
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-05T15:37:02Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-05T15:37:02Z
dc.date.issued 2020-01-13
dc.identifier.citation Weise H, Auge H, Baessler C, Bärlund I, et al., (2020) Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts. Oikos, Volume 129, Issue 4, April 2020, pp. 445-456 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0030-1299
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.07213
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/15095
dc.description.abstract Ensuring ecosystem resilience is an intuitive approach to safeguard the functioning of ecosystems and hence the future provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). However, resilience is a multi-faceted concept that is difficult to operationalize. Focusing on resilience mechanisms, such as diversity, network architectures or adaptive capacity, has recently been suggested as means to operationalize resilience. Still, the focus on mechanisms is not specific enough. We suggest a conceptual framework, resilience trinity, to facilitate management based on resilience mechanisms in three distinctive decision contexts and time-horizons: i) reactive, when there is an imminent threat to ES resilience and a high pressure to act, ii) adjustive, when the threat is known in general but there is still time to adapt management, and iii) provident, when time horizons are very long and the nature of the threats is uncertain, leading to a low willingness to act. Resilience has different interpretations and implications at these different time horizons, which also prevail in different disciplines. Social ecology, ecology, and engineering are often implicitly focussing on provident, adjustive, or reactive resilience, respectively, but these different notions and of resilience and their corresponding social, ecological, and economic trade-offs need to be reconciled. Otherwise, we keep risking unintended consequences of reactive actions, or shying away from provident action because of uncertainties that cannot be reduced. The suggested trinity of time horizons and their decision contexts could help ensuring that longer-term management actions are not missed while urgent threats to ES are given priority. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Wiley en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ *
dc.subject resilience en_UK
dc.subject ecosystems en_UK
dc.subject concepts en_UK
dc.subject ecosystem services provisioning en_UK
dc.title Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


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