Planning and communicating prototype tests for the Nano Membrane Toilet: A critical review and proposed strategy

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Hennigs, Jan
dc.contributor.author Parker, Alison
dc.contributor.author Collins, Matt
dc.contributor.author Jiang, Ying
dc.contributor.author Kolios, Athanasios
dc.contributor.author McAdam, Ewan J.
dc.contributor.author Williams, Leon
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-04T12:12:42Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-04T12:12:42Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08-30
dc.identifier.citation Hennigs J, Parker A, Collins M, et al., (2019) Planning and communicating prototype tests for the Nano Membrane Toilet: A critical review and proposed strategy. Gates Open Research, Volume 3, Article number 1532 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 2572-4754
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.12688/gatesopenres.13057.1
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/15086
dc.description.abstract Urban sanitation in growing cities of the Global South presents particular challenges. This led to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s Reinvent The Toilet Challenge, which sparked the development of various non-sewered sanitation technologies like the Nano Membrane Toilet. Complex disruptive technologies like this entail an extensive product development process, including various types of prototype tests. While there is an abundance of literature discussing how to build prototypes, and the optimal number of tests, there has been little focus on how to plan and conduct tests, especially in a development endeavour of this complexity. Four approaches to testing are reviewed, and their strengths and weaknesses compared. A visualised testing strategy is proposed that encompasses the entire product development process and can be used to plan and communicate prototype tests for the Nano Membrane Toilet to ultimately achieve compliance with international standards. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Gates Open Research en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ *
dc.subject prototyping en_UK
dc.subject reinvent the toilet en_UK
dc.subject testing en_UK
dc.subject waterless sanitation en_UK
dc.title Planning and communicating prototype tests for the Nano Membrane Toilet: A critical review and proposed strategy en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


Files in this item

The following license files are associated with this item:

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International

Search CERES


Browse

My Account

Statistics