Experimental fragmentation of pipe bombs with varying case thickness

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dc.contributor.author da Silva, Luciana A.
dc.contributor.author Johnson, Steve
dc.contributor.author Critchley, Richard
dc.contributor.author Clements, Jim
dc.contributor.author Norris, Karl
dc.contributor.author Stennett, Christopher
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-31T13:05:07Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-31T13:05:07Z
dc.date.issued 2019-11-05
dc.identifier.citation da Silva LA, Johnson S, Critchley R, Clements J, Norris K & Stennett C. Experimental fragmentation of pipe bombs with varying case thickness. Forensic Science International, Volume 306, January 2019, Article number 110034 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0379-0738
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.110034
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/15060
dc.description.abstract Among all the improvised explosive devices (IEDs) known, pipe bombs are one of the most popular devices used by terrorists. They are simple to use, easy to construct and materials are readily available. For this IED, fragmentation is the primary injury mechanism, which makes them a desirable weapon for terrorists aiming to inflict maximum human casualties. Although the investigation of fragmentation pattern is not novel, there is limited data available on pipe bombs performance in the open literature. Therefore, this research is looking at validating results in current literature, which showed limited repetition and weak experimental design so far; by trial with six pipe bombs with two different thickness (3 of each). The pipe bombs consisted of mild steel casing and aluminised ammonium nitrate as the explosive filler. Fragments were collected, with an average recovery of 72%, and measured regarding mass and velocity. The experiment results show a correlation between the pipe thickness and both the size and velocity of fragments. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ *
dc.subject Pipe bombs en_UK
dc.subject Forensic science en_UK
dc.subject Fragmentation en_UK
dc.title Experimental fragmentation of pipe bombs with varying case thickness en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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