Histomorphological analysis of the variability of the human skeleton: forensic implications

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dc.contributor.author Cummaudo, Marco
dc.contributor.author Cappella, Annalisa
dc.contributor.author Biraghi, Miranda
dc.contributor.author Raffone, Caterina
dc.contributor.author Màrquez-Grant, Nicholas
dc.contributor.author Cattaneo, Cristina
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-16T15:52:56Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-16T15:52:56Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01-20
dc.identifier.citation Cummaudo M, Cappella A, Biraghi M, Raffone C, Màrquez-Grant N & Cattaneo C. Histomorphological analysis of the variability of the human skeleton: forensic implications. International Journal of Legal Medicine, Volume 132, Issue 5, 2018, pp. 1-11 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0937-9827
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-018-1781-0
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/14934
dc.description.abstract One of the fundamental questions in forensic medicine and anthropology is whether or not a bone or bone fragment is human. Surprisingly at times for the extreme degradation of the bone (charred, old), DNA cannot be successfully performed and one must turn to other methods. Histological analysis at times can be proposed. However, the variability of a single human skeleton has never been tested. Forty-nine thin sections of long, flat, irregular and short bones were obtained from a well-preserved medieval adult human skeleton. A qualitative histomorphological analysis was performed in order to assess the presence of primary and secondary bone and the presence, absence and orientation of vascular canals. No histological sections exhibited woven or fibro-lamellar bone. Long bones showed a higher variability with an alternation within the same section of areas characterized by tightly packed secondary osteons and areas with scattered secondary osteons immersed in a lamellar matrix. Flat and irregular bones appeared to be characterized by a greater uniformity with scattered osteons in abundant interstitial lamellae. Some cases of “osteon banding” and “drifting osteons” were observed. Although Haversian bone represent the most frequent pattern, a histomorphological variability between different bones of the same individual, in different portions of the same bone, and in different parts of the same section has been observed. Therefore, the present study has highlighted the importance of extending research to whole skeletons without focusing only on single bones, in order to have a better understanding of the histological variability of both human and non-human bone. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Springer Verlag en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ *
dc.subject Forensic anthropology en_UK
dc.subject Bone histology en_UK
dc.subject Histomorphological variability en_UK
dc.subject Human vs non-human en_UK
dc.title Histomorphological analysis of the variability of the human skeleton: forensic implications en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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