Do freelance independent contractors promote entrepreneurship?

Show simple item record Burke, Andrew Zawwar, Imran Hussels, Stephanie 2019-11-14T15:11:05Z 2019-11-14T15:11:05Z 2019-09-03
dc.identifier.citation Burke A, Zawwar I, Hussels S. (2020) Do freelance independent contractors promote entrepreneurship? Small Business Economics, Volume 55, Issue 2, August 2020, pp. 415-427 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0921-898X
dc.description.abstract We investigate whether or not the level of entrepreneurial activity in an economy is determined by the availability of freelance independent contractors in the workforce. We develop hypotheses and test them through an analysis of 75 countries from 2002 to 2012 using the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) database. We find freelance independent contractors promote entrepreneurial activity where typically a 10% rise in the freelance workforce causes about a 1% increase in entrepreneurial activity. The significance of this positive effect is robust for both necessity and opportunity-driven entrepreneurial types and across innovation-driven and efficiency-driven economies—but it is stronger in innovation-driven economies and also for necessity entrepreneurship. It implies that having a flexible workforce is a key ingredient to having an entrepreneurial economy. Furthermore, it indicates that orthodox research and public policy perspectives which overlook the importance of freelance independent contractors for entrepreneurship activity require a re-appraisal. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Springer en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Freelancers en_UK
dc.subject Contractors en_UK
dc.subject Enabling entrepreneurship en_UK
dc.subject Promoting entrepreneurship en_UK
dc.subject Entrepreneurial activity en_UK
dc.title Do freelance independent contractors promote entrepreneurship? en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK
dc.identifier.cris 24791176

Files in this item

The following license files are associated with this item:

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International

Search CERES


My Account