Woven fabrics in book conservation: an investigation into the properties of aerolinen and aerocotton

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dc.contributor.author Bockmuehl, Celia R.
dc.contributor.author Tomkins, Nikki
dc.contributor.author Keiding, Johanne
dc.contributor.author Critchley, Richard
dc.contributor.author Peare, Alan
dc.contributor.author Carr, Debra J.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-09T09:52:24Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-09T09:52:24Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-03
dc.identifier.citation Bockmuehl CR, Tomkins N, Keiding J, Critchley R, Peare A and Carr DJ. Woven fabrics in book conservation: an investigation into the properties of aerolinen and aerocotton. Studies in Conservation, Available online 03 October 2019 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0039-3630
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1080/00393630.2019.1672442
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/14596
dc.description.abstract Woven fabrics commonly referred to as ‘aerocotton’ and ‘aerolinen’ are frequently used in the conservation of books and manuscripts and are valued for their strength and flexibility. Although textiles have a long history in the production and repair of books, aerocottons and aerolinens are relatively recent materials adopted from early aircraft production. In 2007, the main supplier of these woven fabrics to the UK conservation community ceased production, and new producers started supplying a range of woven fabrics under the labels of ‘aerocotton’ and ‘aerolinen’. Understanding the strength, composition, and longevity of repair materials is central to conservation practice and this investigation tested two linens and two cottons alongside the discontinued cotton to quantify the relative strengths of the fabrics. Each fabric was tested before and after laundering, and in three directions (warp, weft, and bias). The tests conducted measured mass per unit area, thickness, sett, tensile strength, folding endurance, and dimensional change. In tensile strength tests the bias-cut fabrics were weakest but extended the most, whilst those cut in the weft direction were strongest. The cottons lasted longest in terms of folding endurance and the samples cut on the bias were the fastest to break. The dimensional change tests showed that washing affected the linens more than the cottons and that across all fabrics there was a greater amount of shrinkage in the warp direction. It is hoped that these results will provide concrete information to guide conservators in the preparation and use of aerocottons and aerolinens. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ *
dc.subject Aerolinen en_UK
dc.subject aerocotton en_UK
dc.subject spine lining en_UK
dc.subject woven fabric en_UK
dc.subject warp en_UK
dc.subject weft en_UK
dc.subject bias en_UK
dc.subject folding endurance en_UK
dc.subject tensile strength en_UK
dc.title Woven fabrics in book conservation: an investigation into the properties of aerolinen and aerocotton en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


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