A low profile, dual-band, dual polarized antenna for indoor/outdoor wearable application

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dc.contributor.author Paracha, Kashif Nisar
dc.contributor.author Rahim, Sharul Kamal Abdul
dc.contributor.author Soh, Ping Jack
dc.contributor.author Kamarudin, Ramlee
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-21T17:15:35Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-21T17:15:35Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02-01
dc.identifier.citation Paracha KN, Rahim SKA, Soh PJ, Kamarudin MR, Tan KG, Lo YC & Islam MT (2019) A low profile, dual-band, dual polarized antenna for indoor/outdoor wearable application, IEEE Access, Volume 7, pp. 33277-33288. en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 2169-3536
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2894330
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/14190
dc.description.abstract A planar, low-profile, dual-band and dual-polarized antenna on a semi-flex substrate is proposed in this paper. The antenna is fabricated on Rogers substrate with a thickness of 3.04 mm and sized at 70.4×76.14×3.11 mm3 (0.37λ0 ×0.40λ0 ×0.016λ0) only. The circular polarization property is enabled in the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) L1/E1 (lower) band by introducing a complementary split ring resonator on the antenna patch. Meanwhile, the antenna operates in the second (upper) 2.45 GHz WLAN band is enabled by etching a U-shaped slot on its ground plane. This simultaneous, dual-band and dual-polarized operation enables the proposed antenna to be applied in the indoor/outdoor wearable application. To isolate the antenna against the influence of the human body, a multiband artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) plane is added on the reverse side of the dual-band radiator. Comparison of the antenna without AMC in free space and when evaluated on the chest of a human body backed by AMC showed improved gain; from 3–5.1 dBi in the lower band, and from 1.53–5.03 dBi in the upper band. Besides that, the front-to-back ratio of the AMC backed monopole antenna also improved from 11–21.88 dB and from 2.5–24.5 dB in the GNSS and WLAN bands, respectively. Next, the specific absorption rate (SAR) of the monopole antenna with and without the AMC plane is assessed. Evaluation results indicate that the maximum SAR value decreased by up to 89.45 % in comparison with the antenna without AMC in the lower band. This indicates the effectiveness of the AMC array in increasing gain and FBR, besides reducing EM absorption in the human body. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher IEEE en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ *
dc.subject Wearable antennas en_UK
dc.subject dual-band antennas en_UK
dc.subject dual-polarized antennas en_UK
dc.subject circularly polarized en_UK
dc.subject artificial conductor conductor (AMC) plane en_UK
dc.title A low profile, dual-band, dual polarized antenna for indoor/outdoor wearable application en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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