The effect of military clothing on gunshot wounding patterns in gelatine

Show simple item record Stevenson, Tom Carr, Debra Stapley, Sarah A. 2019-02-07T16:52:35Z 2019-02-07T16:52:35Z 2018-11-28
dc.identifier.citation Stevenson T, Carr DJ & Stapley SA (2018) The effect of military clothing on gunshot wounding patterns in gelatine, International Journal of Legal Medicine, Available online, 28 November 2018 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0937-9827
dc.description.abstract With no two gunshot wounds (GSW) being the same, novel research into wound ballistics is challenging. It is evident that the majority of previous wound ballistic research has been conducted without the presence of clothing. Whilst the effect of clothing on wound contamination has been explored, there is a paucity of literature examining the effect of clothing on GSW patterns. The aim of this study was to test the effect of Multi-Terrain Pattern (MTP) UK military clothing on GSW patterns within calibrated blocks of 10% by mass gelatine, using two types of ammunition commonly used in recent conflicts—7.62 × 39 mm and 5.45 × 39 mm. In total, 36 blocks were shot, 18 by each projectile type, further divided into 6 with no clothing layers (Cnil), 6 with a single clothing layer (Cmin) and 6 with maximum clothing layers (Cmax) worn on active duty. Blocks were analysed with high-speed video and dissection to capture measurements of damage, and results compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results showed significantly different damage measurements within blocks with Cmax for both ammunition types compared to the other clothing states. This may result in GSWs that require more extensive surgical management, inviting further study. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Springer Verlag en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Gunshot en_UK
dc.subject Wounding en_UK
dc.subject Clothing en_UK
dc.subject Gelatine en_UK
dc.subject Military en_UK
dc.subject AK47 en_UK
dc.subject AK74 en_UK
dc.title The effect of military clothing on gunshot wounding patterns in gelatine en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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