Agroforestry for high value tree systems in Europe

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dc.contributor.author Pantera, A.
dc.contributor.author Burgess, Paul J.
dc.contributor.author Mosquera Losada, R.
dc.contributor.author Moreno, G.
dc.contributor.author López-Díaz, M. L.
dc.contributor.author Corroyer, N.
dc.contributor.author McAdam, J.
dc.contributor.author Rosati, A.
dc.contributor.author Papadopoulos, A. M.
dc.contributor.author Graves, Anil
dc.contributor.author Rigueiro Rodríguez, A.
dc.contributor.author Ferreiro-Domínguez, N.
dc.contributor.author Fernández Lorenzo, J. L.
dc.contributor.author González-Hernández, M. P.
dc.contributor.author Papanastasis, V. P.
dc.contributor.author Mantzanas, K.
dc.contributor.author van Lerberghe, Philippe
dc.contributor.author Malignier, N.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-22T19:09:15Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-22T19:09:15Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01-06
dc.identifier.citation Pantera, A., Burgess, P.J., Mosquera Losada, R. et al., Agroforestry for high value tree systems in Europe. Agroforest Systems, Volume 92, Issue 4, August 2018, pp. 945-959 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0167-4366
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-017-0181-7
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/13112
dc.description.abstract Most farm-based agroforestry projects focus on the integration of trees on arable or livestock enterprises. This paper focuses on the integration of understorey crops and/or livestock within high value tree systems (e.g., apple orchards, olive groves, chestnut woodlands, and walnut plantations), and describes the components, structure, ecosystem services and economic value of ten case studies of this type of agroforestry across Europe. Although their ecological and socio-economic contexts vary, the systems share some common characteristics. The primary objective of the farmer is likely to remain the value of tree products like apples, olives, oranges, or nuts, or particularly high value timber. However there can still be production, environmental or economic benefits of integrating agricultural crops such as chickpeas and barley, or grazing an understorey grass crop with livestock. Three of the systems focused on the grazing of apple orchards with sheep in the UK and France. The introduction of sheep to apple orchards can minimise the need for mowing and provide an additional source of revenue. Throughout the Mediterranean, there is a need to improve the financial viability of olive groves. The case studies illustrate the possibility of intercropping traditional olive stands with chickpea in Greece, or the intercropping of wild asparagus in high density olive groves in Italy. Another system studied in Greece involves orange trees intercropped with chickpeas. Stands of chestnut trees in North-west Spain can provide feed for pigs when the fruit falls in November, and provide an excellent habitat for the commercial production of edible mushrooms. In Spain, in the production of high quality walnut trees using rotations of up to 50–60 years, there are options to establish a legume-based mixed pasture understorey and to introduce sheep to provide financial and environmental benefits. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ *
dc.subject Apple en_UK
dc.subject Orange en_UK
dc.subject Olive en_UK
dc.subject Chestnuts en_UK
dc.subject Walnuts en_UK
dc.subject Grazing en_UK
dc.title Agroforestry for high value tree systems in Europe en_UK


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