Improving chronological control for environmental sequences from the last glacial period

Show simple item record Briant, R. M. Brock, Fiona Demarchi, B. Langford, H. E. Penkman, K. E. H. Schreve, D. C. Schwenninger, J. L. Taylor, S. 2017-10-30T13:39:03Z 2017-10-30T13:39:03Z 2017-10-14
dc.identifier.citation Briant RM, Brock F, Demarchi B, et al., (2018) Improving chronological control for environmental sequences from the last glacial period. Quaternary Geochronology, Volume 43, February 2018, pp. 40-49 en_UK
dc.description.abstract Recognition of palaeoclimatic instability in the Greenland ice cores has spurred researchers to identify corresponding evidence in other terrestrial records from the last glacial stage. Such evidence is critical for establishing how much environmental stress precipitated Neanderthal and Late Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions, although a need for improved chronology has been consistently highlighted. In formerly glaciated and periglaciated areas of northern Europe, palaeoenvironmental sequences are frequently discontinuous. These often yield high-resolution proxy-based quantitative palaeotemperature estimates but can be hard to date, due to difficulties in removing contamination from biological samples at the limits of the radiocarbon technique (c.30-50kya). Here we demonstrate, for the first time using samples with independent age control, that different radiocarbon pretreatments can generate different age data and that gentler, less effective treatments applied to avoid sample loss may not yield reliable age-estimates. We advocate alternative harsher pretreatment using a strong acid-base-acid protocol. This provides an acceptable balance between contamination removal and excessive sample loss and generates more accurate ages, significantly enhancing our ability to detect and understand the impacts of palaeoclimatic instability in the terrestrial record of the last glacial. en_UK
dc.description.sponsorship Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) NRCF grant 1848.1014 en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.title Improving chronological control for environmental sequences from the last glacial period en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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