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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/12458

Document Type: Article
Title: Investigation of the impact of trace elements on anaerobic volatile fatty acid degradation using a fractional factorial experimental design
Authors: Jiang, Ying
Zhang, Yue
Banks, Charles
Heaven, Sonia
Longhurst, Philip
Issue Date: 5-Sep-2017
Citation: Jiang Y, Zhang Y, Banks C, Heaven S, Longhurst P, Investigation of the impact of trace elements on anaerobic volatile fatty acid degradation using a fractional factorial experimental design, Water Research, Available online 5 September 2017
Abstract: The requirement of trace elements (TE) in anaerobic digestion process is widely documented. However, little is understood regarding the specific requirement of elements and their critical concentrations under different operating conditions such as substrate characterisation and temperature. In this study, a flask batch trial using fractional factorial design is conducted to investigate volatile fatty acids (VFA) anaerobic degradation rate under the influence of the individual and combined effect of six TEs (Co, Ni, Mo, Se, Fe and W). The experiment inoculated with food waste digestate, spiked with sodium acetate and sodium propionate both to 10 g/l. This is followed by the addition of a selection of the six elements in accordance with a 26−2 fractional factorial principle. The experiment is conducted in duplicate and the degradation of VFA is regularly monitored. Factorial effect analysis on the experimental results reveals that within these experimental conditions, Se has a key role in promoting the degradation rates of both acetic and propionic acids; Mo and Co are found to have a modest effect on increasing propionic acid degradation rate. It is also revealed that Ni shows some inhibitory effects on VFA degradation, possibly due to its toxicity. Additionally, regression coefficients for the main and second order effects are calculated to establish regression models for VFA degradation.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.09.010
Appears in Collections:Staff publications (SWEE)

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