Large pyroelectric properties at reduced depolarization temperature in A-site nonstoichiometry composition of lead-free 0.94NaxBiyTiO3–0.06BazTiO3 ceramics

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dc.contributor.author Balakt, Ahmed M.
dc.contributor.author Christopher, Shaw
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Qi
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-10T10:34:22Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-10T10:34:22Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-08
dc.identifier.citation A. M. Balakt, C. P. Shaw, Qi Zhang. Large pyroelectric properties at reduced depolarization temperature in A-site nonstoichiometry composition of lead-free 0.94NaxBiyTiO3–0.06BazTiO3 ceramics. Journal of Materials Science, June 2017, Volume 52, Issue 12, pp7382–7393 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0022-2461
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-0973-1
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/11871
dc.description.abstract Nonstoichiometry lead-free 0.94NaxBiyTiO3–0.06BazTiO3 (NxByT–0.06BzT) (from x = y = 0.5, z = 1.00 to x = 0.5, y = 0.534, z = 1.02) ceramic compositions were prepared by a conventional solid-state route. XRD shows that the compositions are at a morphotropic phase boundary where rhombohedral and tetragonal phases coexist. The depolarization temperature (Td) can be lowered by modifying x, y and z. The pyroelectric coefficient (p) of nonstoichiometry NxByT–0.06BzT compositions is greatly increased, compared with stoichiometry NBT–0.06BT composition, from 3.15 × 10−4 C m−2 °C−1 at room temperature (RT) and 23.9 × 10−4 C m−2 °C−1 at Td, and reaches maxima of 6.99 × 10−4 C m−2 °C−1 at RT and 75.3 × 10−4 C m−2 °C−1 at Td for x = y = 0.52 and z = 1. The figures of merits, Fi, Fv, and FD, also have been improved from 1.12 × 10−10 m v−1 and 0.021 m2 C−1 to 2.50 × 10−10 m v−1, 0.047 m2 C−1 and 16.63 × 10−6 Pa−1/2, respectively, for N0.52B0.52T–0.06BT composition at RT. Furthermore, N0.52B0.52T–0.06BT composition shows a huge enhancement in Fi, Fv and FD to 26.9 × 10−10 m v−1, 0.39 × 10−10 m2 C−1 and 138.7 × 10−6 Pa−1/2, respectively, at Td. The same composition also presents FC values which are ~2.58 and ~2.86 (×10−9 C cm−2 °C−1) at RT at 100 and 1000 (Hz). N0.5B0.534T–0.06BT and N0.5B0.534T–0.06B1.02T compositions show a large p values at a wide temperature range. The enhanced pyroelectric properties make nonstoichiometry N0.52B0.52T–0.06BT composition a promising candidate for pyroelectric and other applications at wide temperatures range. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Springer en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. Information: No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
dc.title Large pyroelectric properties at reduced depolarization temperature in A-site nonstoichiometry composition of lead-free 0.94NaxBiyTiO3–0.06BazTiO3 ceramics en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


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