Experimental studies of nanofluid thermal conductivity enhancement and applications: A review

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dc.contributor.author Tawfik, M. M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-02T15:22:17Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-02T15:22:17Z
dc.date.issued 2016-11-23
dc.identifier.citation Tawfik MM, Experimental studies of nanofluid thermal conductivity enhancement and applications: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 75, August 2017, pp. 1239-1253 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 1364-0321
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.111
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/11384
dc.description.abstract In many applications, there is a critical need for enhancing the poor thermal conductivity of conventional fluids in order to develop efficient heat transfer fluids. This requirement can be met through dispersing nanometric particles in a given base fluid such as water, ethylene glycol, oil or air. The resulting nanofluids enhanced thermal conductivity of the base fluids. In order to evaluate this enhancement, nanofluid thermal conductivity is required to be measured. Several methods and techniques are covered in the present contribution. In addition, enhancements recorded experimentally are reviewed and summarized. Different parameters affecting on such enhancement are covered, including: nanoparticle concentration, size, shape and thermal conductivity. In addition, base fluid type, nanofluid bulk temperature and dispersion techniques are also covered parameters. However, nanofluids have the potential to contribute in several practical applications including solar thermal, transportation, electronic cooling, medical, detergency and military applications. In the present work, a brief overview of evolution in the use of nanofluids in some applications has been presented. According to this contribution, there is a critical need for further fundamental and applications of nanofluids studies in order to understand the physical mechanisms of using nanofluids as well as explore different aspects of applications of nanofluids. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject Nanofluids en_UK
dc.subject Conduction en_UK
dc.subject Measurement en_UK
dc.subject Enhancement en_UK
dc.subject Applications en_UK
dc.title Experimental studies of nanofluid thermal conductivity enhancement and applications: A review en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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