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Cranfield Defence and Security: Recent submissions

  • Gosling, Sarah; Scott, Robert; Greenwood, Charlene; Bouzy, Pascaline; Nallala, Jayakrupakar; Lyburn, Iain D.; Stone, Nicholas; Rogers, Keith (Springer, 2019-12-05)
    Microcalcifications are important diagnostic indicators of disease in breast tissue. Tissue microenvironments differ in many aspects between normal and cancerous cells, notably extracellular pH and glycolytic respiration. ...
  • Malbon, Chris; Knock, Clare; Critchley, Richard; Carr, Debra J. (Elsevier, 2019-12-05)
    Within the Police service of England and Wales the wearing of ballistic and stab resistant body armour is common, with most police forces mandating its usage when away from the police station. Of all the serving police ...
  • Arnold, Emily L.; Clement, John; Rogers, Keith D.; Garcia-Castro, Fabio; Greenwood, Charlene (Elsevier, 2019-12-11)
    Osteoporosis (OP) is a widespread condition with commonly associated fracture sites at the hip, vertebra and wrist. This study examines the effects of age and osteoporosis on bone quality by comparing the efficacy of using ...
  • Cummaudo, Marco; Cappella, Annalisa; Biraghi, Miranda; Raffone, Caterina; Màrquez-Grant, Nicholas; Cattaneo, Cristina (Springer Verlag, 2018-01-20)
    One of the fundamental questions in forensic medicine and anthropology is whether or not a bone or bone fragment is human. Surprisingly at times for the extreme degradation of the bone (charred, old), DNA cannot be ...
  • Knock, Clare; Davies, Nigel; Reeves, Thomas (Wiley, 2014-12-10)
    Bare, cylindrical, explosive charges produce secondary shock waves in the direction of least presented area. Whilst the source of these shock waves was explored in the 1940’s, no attempt was made to predict them. This paper ...
  • Andrade, Cristiane P. S.; Souza, Cláudio J.; Camerini, Eduardo S. N. (Sage, 2018-04-17)
    A radiological dispersive device (RDD) spreads radioactive material, complicates the treatment of physical injuries, raises cancer risk, and induces disproportionate fear. Simulating such an event enables more effective ...
  • Cecotti, Marco; Kanchwala, Husain; Aouf, Nabil (IEEE, 2019-11-28)
    In recent years, there has been a growing demand for small vehicles targeted at users with mobility restrictions and designed to operate on pedestrian areas. The users of these vehicles are generally required to be in ...
  • Contini, Alessandro E.; Flood, Nathan; McAteer, Daniel; Mai, Nathalie; Akhavan, Jacqueline (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015-10-06)
    A previously reported two-phase (99.5% fuming nitric acid/dichloromethane) batch method to prepare high purity 1,2,3-propanetriyl trinitrate (nitroglycerine, NG) was evaluated, simplified and adapted specifically for low ...
  • Carew, Rachael M.; Viner, Mark D.; Conlogue, Gerald J.; Márquez-Grant, Nicholas; Beckett, Sophie (Elsevier, 2019-10-24)
    Introduction Osteometric data may be obtained using digital imaging techniques, such as post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and digital radiography, non-invasively and without ethical objection. Osteometric data from ...
  • Mindil, Ahmed; Dunn, G. M.; Khalid, Ata; Oxley, C. H. (IEEE, 2019-11-26)
    The effect of the edge of the channel on the operation of Planar Gunn diodes has been examined using Monte Carlo simulations. High fields at the corner of the anode contact are known to cause impact ionization and consequent ...
  • Miller, David P.; Allsop, Derek; Carr, Debra J. (Brill Academic Publishers, 2019-07-14)
    This paper investigates the firing of seventeenth Century musket balls. Prior to this research, the main concerns with making range predictions were associated with the deformed shape of the musket balls affecting their ...
  • Vincent, Raymond Vin; Economou, John; Wall, David Galvao; Cleminson, John (Elsevier, 2019-11-25)
    Robust control is challenging to achieve for air-breathing missiles operating in a high Mach number regime, such as at high supersonic speeds (M > 3). The challenge arises because of strong couplings, significant non-linearities ...
  • Davidz, Heidi; Ferris, Tim L. J.; Henry, Devanandham; Hilburn, Thomas B.; Hutchison, Nicole A. C.; Olwell, David H.; Prun, Daniel; Pyster, Art; Roussel, Jean‐Claude; Sillitto, Hillary; Snoderly, John; Squires, Alice F.; Zemrowski, Ken (2019-11-12)
    The Body of Knowledge and Curriculum to Advance Systems Engineering (BKCASE) project's dual product development cycle spanned a three‐year period from the September 2009 to December, 2012. During this timeframe, BKCASE ...
  • Zioupos, Peter; Kirchner, Helmut O. K.; Peterlik, Herwig (Elsevier, 2019-12-03)
    Human bone becomes increasingly brittle with ageing. Bones also fracture differently under slow and fast loadings, being ductile and brittle, respectively. The effects of a combination of these two factors have never been ...
  • MacLean, Piers; Cahillane, Marie (Emerald, 2015-06-01)
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of coherent alignment of current theory from cognitive psychology with practice and policy in training and education institutions developing e-learning ...
  • Kister, Guillaume; Dossi, Eleftheria (Elsevier, 2015-08-29)
    The cure characteristics of carbon/MTM44-1 epoxy composite prepreg and neat MTM44-1 epoxy resin are monitored using a dynamic mechanical analyser (DMA). This study also assesses whether the simple containment device ...
  • Jennings, Rosalind M.; Malbon, Chris; Brock, Fiona; Harrisson, Stuart; Carr, Debra J. (Elsevier, 2018-05-22)
    The UK Home Office test method for ballistic protective police body armours considers anterior torso impacts to be the worst-case scenario and tests rear armour panels to the same standards as front panels. The aim of this ...
  • Dicken, Anthony; Shevchuk, Alex; Rogers, Keith; Godber, Simon; Evans, Paul (Optical Society of America, 2015-02-02)
    We demonstrate material phase retrieval by linearly translating extended polycrystalline samples along the symmetry axis of an annular beam of high-energy X-rays. A series of pseudo-monochromatic diffraction images are ...
  • Thangamani, Varun; Knowles, Kevin; Saddington, Alistair J. (AIAA, 2014-02-28)
    The effects of scaling on cavity oscillations and control have been studied by measuring the unsteady pressure on the floor of three cavities of different scales. The cavities have a length-to-depth ratio of 5 and a ...
  • Muster, Michael; Amer, Hameed; Wood, David C.; Appleby-Thomas, Gareth J.; Wasmer, Kilian (Elsevier, 2019-08-22)
    During the impact of a body on a plate, flexural waves are set which travel circularly outwards from the point of impact. These waves can be used to determine the properties of the impacting body. For accurate measurements, ...

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