Experience as a safety factor in driving; Methodological considerations in a sample of bus drivers

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dc.contributor.author af Wåhlberg, Anders E.
dc.contributor.author Dorn, Lisa
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-22T10:26:18Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-22T10:26:18Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-13
dc.identifier.citation Af Wåhlberg A and Dorn L., Experience as a safety factor in driving; Methodological considerations in a sample of bus drivers, Safety, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2019, Article number 37 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 2313-576X
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5020037
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/14369
dc.description.abstract Experience is generally seen as an important factor for safe driving, but the exact size and details of this effect has never been meta-analytically described, despite a fair number of published results. However, the available data is heterogeneous concerning the methods used, which could lead to very different results. Such method effects can be difficult to identify in meta-analysis, and a within-study comparison might yield more reliable results. To test for the difference in effects between some different analytical methods, analyses of data on bus driver experience and crash involvement from a British company were conducted. Effects of within- and between-subjects analysis, non-linearity of effects, and direct and induced exposure methods were compared. Furthermore, changes in the environmental risk were investigated. Between-subject designs yielded smaller effects as compared to within-subjects designs, while non-linearity was not found. The type of exposure control applied had a strong influence on effects, as did differences in overall environmental risk between years. Apparently, “the effect of driving experience” means different things depending upon how calculations have been undertaken, at least for bus drivers. A full meta-analysis, taking several effects of methodology into account, is needed before it can be said that the effect of driving experience on crash involvement is well understood. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher MDPI AG en_UK
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ *
dc.subject safety en_UK
dc.subject accident en_UK
dc.subject bus driver en_UK
dc.subject driving en_UK
dc.title Experience as a safety factor in driving; Methodological considerations in a sample of bus drivers en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK

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