Assessment of crude oil bioremediation potential of seawater and sediments from the shore of Lebanon in laboratory microcosms

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dc.contributor.author Sakaya, Khaled
dc.contributor.author Salam, Darine A.
dc.contributor.author Campo, Pablo
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-10T19:55:36Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-10T19:55:36Z
dc.date.issued 2019-01-04
dc.identifier.citation Khaled Sakaya, Darine A. Salam and Pablo Campo. Assessment of crude oil bioremediation potential of seawater and sediments from the shore of Lebanon in laboratory microcosms. Science of the Total Environment, Available on line 4 January 2019 en_UK
dc.identifier.issn 0048-9697
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.025
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/handle/1826/13814
dc.description.abstract With the planned oil and gas exploration activities off the coast of Lebanon, the risk of shoreline contamination with crude oil spills has become a major concern. This study aimed at assessing the crude oil bioremediation potential of the chronically polluted Lebanese shores in light of the continuous discharge of nutrient-rich sewage into the Mediterranean Sea and the long-lasting absence of proper sewage treatment systems. It was anticipated that, with the high pollution levels of the coastline, background concentrations of nutrients would be sufficient to sustain high intrinsic biodegradation rates without human intervention. Biodegradation experiments were conducted using crude oil-spiked beach sediments and seawater under natural attenuation and biostimulation conditions. The experiments were conducted at 18 and 28 °C to account for seasonal variation in temperature, background nutrient levels, and microbial communities. The biodegradability of oil constituents – namely alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), was monitored over a 42-day period using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Under biostimulation conditions, significant enhancement in the overall biodegradation rates of alkanes and PAHs was observed in seawater at 18 and 28 °C, while little to no improvement was measured at both temperatures in sediments where background nutrient levels were sufficient to induce near maximum intrinsic biodegradation rates. Under both natural attenuation and biostimulation treatments, the increase in temperature increased the oil biodegradation rates in sediment and seawater microcosms. In both instances, the overall trend in the biodegradation of individual alkanes and PAHs suggested a typical decrease in biodegradation rates with the increase in carbon number/rings and alkyl groups. en_UK
dc.language.iso en en_UK
dc.publisher Elsevier en_UK
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ *
dc.subject Crude oil spills en_UK
dc.subject Bioremediation en_UK
dc.subject Background nutrient levels en_UK
dc.subject Marine sediments en_UK
dc.subject Seawater en_UK
dc.title Assessment of crude oil bioremediation potential of seawater and sediments from the shore of Lebanon in laboratory microcosms en_UK
dc.type Article en_UK


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